Monday, January 13, 2020

The Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement that began in 1950 was an attempt to address the state of inequality that had existed in Black and White America since the nation's conception. The Movement began as a demand to get ‘payment' on a promise too long delayed, as noted by the movement's leader Martin Luther King Jr. , for Black equality, in his â€Å"Letter from a Birmingham Jail. † The early Civil Rights movement focused on integration as achieved through legal means such as in the ‘Brown v. Board of Education' case. This case was successfully appealed to the Warren Court on behalf of Lisa Brown, a young Black student, and argued by Thurgood Marshall, who was later to sit on the bench as a Supreme Court Justice himself, after demanded integration in public education. (Cozzens, â€Å"Brown versus Board of Education,† 1998) The movement also was articulated through early acts of civil disobedience such as the attempt to protest the lynching of Emmett Till, a thirteen-year-old Northern boy lynched for murdering a White woman. Cozzens, â€Å"Emmett Till,† 1998) In assessing whether the goals of the movement were met, it must be noted that it would have been unthinkable in the 1950's that a Black woman would be a Secretary of State, as is the case today, or could have won the Noble Prize like Toni Morrison. Martin Luther King Jr. is not only a respected figure, but gives his presence to a national holiday. Yet despite the gains of the previous decades, there still remains an economic and educational gap between Black America and White America that integration through legal or political demonstrations has not been able to heal. Lynching as a common practice has been brought to rest, perhaps, but tensions exist all over the nation between Black Americans and what is often an all-White police force. America appears more integrated today, and laws allow for some methods of historical redress like affirmative action. But the sense that this still remains inadequate, despite the successes of prominent African Americans on an individual level, has caused many Blacks today to study the more radical, or culturally focused members of the early movement, such as Malcolm X, and to question whether some form of cultural rehabilitation of Black culture is necessary to undo the still-lasting legacy discrimination has wrought. And finally, the example of the failed relief effort of Hurricane Katrina to the largely all Black residents whose neighborhoods were destroyed showed the nation how deep the poverty remains in the nation in many impoverished areas that are segregated in fact, if not in law.

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Sociological Perspective On Love The Ideology Of Love

The Ideology of love has many sociological concepts, despite it sounding unfamiliar. Everyone has a different perspective towards love, as to what it stands for and what it means. According to the Webster dictionary, love is defined as a â€Å"strong affection for another arising out of kinship or personal ties† (Webster). In class, we define love as a deep affection and concern for another, with whom one feels a strong emotional bond. It’s crucial to realize and question on how love is sociological, without just thinking love is formed naturally with a spiritual connection. There is a cause for the physical reactions that we feel as well as social dimensions coming into play. There are social foundations of love. The arguments I will be making†¦show more content†¦In class, we learn that race/ethnicity is one of the (if not THE) primary restrictions that individuals apply to their choice of marriage partner. Between - Partner Similarity : Elizabeth Aura McClintock conducted a research study in which displays strong evidence of matching on physical attractiveness, education, and occupational status (SEI). The correlations between her and his expected college graduation status (.575), years of completed education (.557), and SEI (.546) are especially strong. This evidence particularly pertains to college students as it shows a preference difference between particular groups. The between-partner correlation in attractiveness (.256) is similar in magnitude to equivalent correlations between all other samples known to the author (Barelds et al. 2011; Stevens et al. 1990). McClintock as well includes that none of the statistically significant between-partner within-trait correlations are negative. This correlates within the exchange model in which high-status but homely individuals are paired with low-status but good-looking partners. Evidence: With the concept of â€Å"Homophily† in mind, psychologists have found that actual and perceived similarities between potential romantic partners in categories such as demographics,Show MoreRelatedThe Idea Of â€Å"Family† Holds Various Meanings For Everyone1534 Words   |  7 PagesThe idea of â€Å"family† holds various meanings for everyone depending on their rituals, symbols, ideology, and situatedness in time, place, and culture. A biologist may define family as a group involving all descendants of a common ancestor. A criminologist may define family as a group of people united in criminal activity. A sociologist may define family as a fundamental social group in society consistent of one or two parents and the children they raise. Historically, people have considered a nuclearRead MoreSociological Imagination And Its Impact On Society1394 Words   |  6 Pages The notion of Sociological Imagination was created by C. Wright Mills and he wrote tha t the task of sociology was to recognize the relationship between individuals and the society in which they live in. Sociological Imagination can explain why a lifetime is lived through your own decisions, accomplishments and failures. It is a way for a person to look at their life as an outcome with their contact with the world. The textbook clarifies that,† The Sociological Imagination is defined as the abilityRead MoreCommon Masculine Themes of Superheroes Explained in Complex Masculinities: The Superhero in Modern American Movies1256 Words   |  6 Pagesmasculinity and others have their own ideas and interpretations of superhero movies. A greater emphasis on a conflict theorist perspective could aid this article in providing how superhero movies reflect the ideologies of the dominant class and how their interests are being promoted within the superhero figure. The central question as to what makes masculinity a complex ideology is explained through a means of a superhero. To better understand masculinity, it must be broken down into its origins. TheRead MoreArranged Marriage And Other Types Of Marriage1635 Words   |  7 Pagesand sociological perspective. Through the three perspectives, many distinctive differences and similarities between arranged marriage and other types of marriage such as, love marriage can be seen. This research essay will analyze arranged marriage from the perspective of all three social sciences and show how arranged marriage is just as good, if not better than love marriage. Firstly, within an arranged marriage many things can be researched and analyzed from an anthropological perspective. A fewRead MoreSociology : A Sociological Perspective1053 Words   |  5 Pagesthe social world from many perspectives. (Sutton 2013). Sociology perspectives are overview of human behaviour and its connection to society as a whole. A sociological theory is a set of ideas explain how society or aspects of society work and there are many variations of the basic theories. There will be introduced when they become applicable to certain cases (Haralambos Holborn 2008).There are many sociological perspectives, the three major theoretical perspectives in sociology is the structuredRead MoreThe And Structure Of Family1095 Words   |  5 PagesThe definition and structure of family has significantly developed throughout the years, with liberal perspectives suggesting alternative family arrangements. In 1973, Michael Young and Peter Willmott conducted studies of family life within the London area and concluded that the development and changes within the structure of family life can be sorted into three categories of time. (Van Krieken et al. 2017, p. 107). The pre-industrial family (up until the early 19th century), the early industrialRead MoreAlthough Love May Concern The Intimate And Micro-Level1305 Words   |  6 PagesAlthough love may concern the intimate and micro-level interactions of local communities, it is intricately tied to the macrostructures of colonialism, economics, and religion. Policies concerning LGBT communities in the Philippines, albeit limited, are being faced with heteronormative rhetoric that impedes queer Filipinxs from moving up the socioeconomic ladder. The â€Å"Philippine Family Code,† explicitly defines marriage as a â€Å"permanent union between a man and a woman,† underscoring the ways inRead MoreGay Marriage and Adoption732 Words   |  3 Pagessociety and brake the traditional marriage/relationship and encourage equality for all. The idea of gay marriage conflicts with their idea of marriage; that somehow when two people of the opposite sex are in love it is less official. Marx (conflict theorist) states that the dominant ideology in our country is that marriage is the union of a man and a woman, therefore, two men or two women can not be married. This article is about engaging the homosexual community in the process of adopting each spousesRead Moreï » ¿Sociological Approach to Literature1397 Words   |  6 PagesSociological Approach to Literature The study of literature within the discipline of sociology, integrates a concern for meaning and the unique properties inherent in literary texts, reflecting the economics, attitudes, morals and religion of the society that produced the texts.1Each society inter-connected and independent, yet distinct and diverse is influenced by the literature, for there are innumerable instances exemplifying the co-relation of life and literature. The impact of literature isRead MoreA Critique Of Capitalism : A Love Story ( 2009 ) By Michael Moore Essay1821 Words   |  8 PagesNeoliberalism in the 21st Century: The Failure of Marxism in a Critique of Capitalism: A Love Story (2009) by Michael Moore In this sociological study, an analysis of the rise of neoliberalism and the failure of Marxist ideology in the film Capitalism: A Love Story (2009) by Michael Moore. Moore’s film emulates the failed attempts to control and regulate a capitalist system that exploits the worker and the general public for the greater monetary profit of the ruling classes. In this system, the

Friday, December 20, 2019

Democracy and Accountability Making the Transition from...

The need to acquire human rights can, at times, motivate social and political groups to move mountains. In the 1980s, authoritarian regimes were representative of these large obstacles. This struggle is not new to Latin Americans. Throughout their history, from slavery, which still exists today, to political and religious oppression, Latin Americans have continually fought to gain basic human rights. Americans have come to see these rights as rooted in life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, expanding social-political views have extended views of basic human rights into the realms of education and healthcare, to name a couple. In countries such as Brazil, the authoritarian†¦show more content†¦Political extremists from both the left and right wings of the spectrum held a deep mistrust of one another. The Cold War, a politically ideological shadow war fought on a global scale, left no nation on Earth unaffected. In 1959, communists, a leftist political based ideology, won Cuba. A guerilla army, led by charismatic leaders such as Fidel Castro, had defeated a professional army. Where alliances had always been fragile between the left and the right, a growing fear of communist takeovers made the left increasingly vulnerable to political and social polarization. Even politicians in the center, often thought as the bridge between the left and the right, began to distance themselves from those associated with communism or socialism. Since the nineteenth century, Latin American militaries have held both the honorary and mythological position of caretaker for their states. In times of severe economic, political, or social crisis, the professional militaries have seen it as their duty to assume temporary power in order to provide directional relief to national problems. In Chile and Brazil, high-ranking military officers proved able to transition their democratic regimes to authoritarian regimes with the assistance of the conservative (rightist) political base. In the 1952 Chilean presidential elections, General Carlos Ibanez, a former dictator, positioned himself as the only answer to Chileans’ problems andShow MoreRelatedPost-Transitional Justice in Chile and El Salvador: A Comparison1671 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the last quarter of the twentieth century, Latin America was dominated by authoritarian military regimes and immense human rights violations. Especially in Chile and El Salvador, where human rights abuses were rampant during Pinochet’s dictatorship and the Salvadoran civil war. The region is still dealing with the legacy of terror from its authoritarian past. Cath Collins, a professor and researcher in the School of Political Science at the University of Diego Portales in Santiago, Chile,Read MoreThe Political Regime Of Russia2466 Words   |  10 PagesIntroduction Russia has endured a long and substantial history of political regime changes from being a tsarist state, to adopting communism, to a post-communist transition era, and today may be in the process of democratic transition. Russia’s extensive political history is key to understanding the ever-changing political processes within the state. To understand the regime structure in Russia today we must assess and understand their political history, look at critical junctures in Soviet andRead MoreDemocracy in the 20th Centuries Essay1446 Words   |  6 PagesIs democracy possible? Modern democracies have continually developed throughout the 20th century. These democracies have culminated from revolutions,wars, and even economic development. As democracies continue to grow democracy promotion has been a key issue for world governments, especially the United State of America. History has shown that building democracy is a very strenuous and a difficult task to accomplish. With the inception of government, democracy has been a seemingly difficult conceptRead MoreEssay On Advocacy Groups870 Words   |  4 Pagescontribute to the process of democratic consolidation by restraining the exercise of state power, extending and protecting civil liberties and political rights, promoting political participation, broadening and democratising public policy-making, ensuring public accountability and providing spaces for democratic deliberation, interest aggregation, interest articulation and representation among other functions. After more than two decades of democratisation in both countries, the democratic spaces and platformsRead MoreEssay on Political Corruption2339 Words   |  10 Pagesinstitutions that govern them? The question of public tolerance of political corruption has assessed from different approaches. Some scholars, for instance, focus on the direct link between citizens and organization/leaders based on clientelism, nepotism, cronyism, and other informal ways of wealth redistribution (Kurer, O. 1993, Rose –Ackerman 1999 p. 11). Other works approach the problem of tolerance from cultural, religion and even legal system perspectives (.C. C. E. Chang and Chu Y 2006; JohnstonRead MoreThe Aftermath of Socialism in Eastern Europe2256 Words   |  9 PagesEurope came with hope and high expectations from the world at large. Many people awaited the justification of the liberal democratic model in the emerging social and political environments. The concept of civil society that had been idealized by many western European and American nations was central to the discourse of transformation. It represented the voice of the hitherto marginalized and repressed people who were expected to e merge from the ruined regime of state-organized collectivity. There wasRead MoreThe Republic Of Union Of Myanmar1613 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Golden Land of Myanmar†. It has a diverse population of around 51 millions. Despite its size and strategic location, Myanmar is also the poorest country in the region, with around one quarter of its population estimated to be living in poverty. From 1962 to 2011, the country was ruled by a military junta that suppressed almost all dissent and wielded absolute power in the face of international condemnation and sanctions. In fact, it is the longest-lasting military dictatorship in the world andRead MoreThe Reasons Why South Africa Is Successful2853 Words   |  12 PagesAfrica (SA) stands out among the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of levels of development and the degrees of democracy. It is now regarded as the emerging middle power in the African continent. I argue that South Africa’s place in the economic world also has different implications to different populations in this nation state. Nigeria on the other hand, has failed to sustain democracy and economic development. In this paper, I am going to critically analyze the reasons why South Af rica is relativelyRead MoreThe Great Surge By Economist Steve Radelet1424 Words   |  6 PagesVictoria Case Paper # 4 The Great Surge In The Great Surge, economist Steve Radelet, provides examples of progress emerging nations measured in four scopes: poverty, revenue, health and education, and democracy. The Great Surge offers a pleasant contrast to the quick selling theme in many books and articles regarding a lack of advancement, insisting that standards of living globally have improved greatly since the 60s, and even faster since the 90s, after many factors that stunted progress were eliminatedRead MoreFactors Affecting The Electoral Elections Of Zimbabwe And South Africa1345 Words   |  6 PagesAfter just twenty years of attainment of national independence from United Kingdom, in the year 2000, Zimbabwe experienced what can only be termed a major setback in its transition to democracy. Without threat of defeat from opposition parties, the ruling party ZANU PF had enjoyed dominance in Zimbabwe, where they enjoyed victory after victory in elections. Zimbabwe Parliamentary Elections of 2000 saw ZANU PF face form idable opposition from the newly formed Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). However

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Ebolareal life and movies Essay Example For Students

Ebolareal life and movies Essay Flesh-eating Viruses in Real Life and in the MoviesEssay One Outline:1)Introduction: Straying from the truth is a must when making any movie especially one adapted from real life occurrences. It is the only way production companies can make money off the movie. In the move Outbreak, several liberties were taken to make the story of the Ebola incident more exciting. a)In the movie there were numerous statements, portrayals and plot devices used for dramatic purposes only, and did not in fact occur in the real life Ebola scare. i)The Ebola virus spreads at an epidemic rate when in the USA and dissimilar to known Ebola strain it is airborne it is not transmitted by direct human-to-human contact. ii)The Ebola virus had a 100% mortality rate within a one day. iii)Character Maj. Gen. Donald McClintock wants to control the virus and use it as a biological weapon. 2)Plot Device #1: The Ebola virus spreads at an epidemic rate when in the USA. a)In the movie the virus is airborne. It is spread through recycled air on a passenger jet, or a sneeze in a crowded movie theater. The virus spreads through a small town in California in addition to the outbreak in Reston, Virginia. 3)Real Life: People can be exposed to Ebola virus from direct contact with the blood and/or secretions of an infected person. a)The virus is often spread through families and friends because they come in close contact with such secretions when caring for infected persons. i) People can be exposed to Ebola virus through contact with objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected secretions. ii)Nosocomial transmission refers to the spread of a disease within a health-care setting, such as a clinic or hospital. iii)All Ebola virus species have displayed the ability to be spread through airborne particles (aerosols) under research conditions; this type of spread has not been documented among humans in a real-world setting, such as a hospital or household. 4)Plot Device #2: The Ebola virus had a 100% mortality rate within a one day. 5)Real Life: The incubation period for Ebola HF ranges from 2 to 21 days. The onset of illness is abrupt and is characterized by fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. A rash, red eyes, hiccups and internal and external bleeding may be seen in some patients. 6)Plot Device #3: Character Maj. Gen. Donald McClintock wants to control the virus and use it as a biological weapon. 7)Real Life: An outbreak of Ebola and Marburg would have a significant impact on our society, because they carry significant morbidity and mortality, and other than supportive medical care, there are no specific treatments, explains Lead author Luciana Borio, MD, fellow at the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Strategies and the Critical Care Medicine Department of The National Institutes of Health. It is not possible to predict whether any of the hemorrhagic fever viruses are likely to be used as a bioweapon. However, we know that it is not impossible to weaponize these viruses and we, in medicine and public health, are obliged to prepare.8)Conclusion: In the move Outbreak, several liberties were taken to make the story of the Ebola incident more exciting. In the movie there were numerous statements, portrayals and plot devices used for dramatic purposes only, and did not in fact occur in the real life Ebola scare. Plot devices such as the Ebola virus spreads at an epidem ic rate when in the USA and dissimilar to known Ebola strain it is airborne it is not transmitted by direct human-to-human contact. Also that the Ebola virus had a 100% mortality rate within a one day an that the character Maj. Gen. Donald McClintock, wanted to control the virus and use it as a biological weapon.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Samples †

Question: Discuss about the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Answer: Introduction Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is a radical Islamic terrorist organization that aims to establish an Islamic State. It has its bases in Syria and Iraq, where it is in a war with the government forces to establish its control. In 2014 ISIS kidnapped a journalist called Steven Sotloff, and beheaded him in order to send message to America to stop the airstrikes (Carter and Fantz 2014). Reported in Various Media The Video that was released by ISIS showed the American journalist who was working with several leading media houses like Time Magazine, CNN, NBC and various others, being killed by one ISIS terrorist after he accused the American policy towards Iraq for the killing. The video was widely circulated in social media which created a panic among general people about how ISIS menace is on the loose and needs to be controlled immediately. The gruesome video was circulated without any censorship, and many people accused the American Government of inaction. However, YouTube had removed the video soon from its contents. This is how social media reported the incident. The traditional media like the newspapers had all condemned the killing and stated that the journalists working in the civil war zones needs to be provided with protection, as such abductions were becoming common. Israeli newspapers stated that the journalist, being a Jews had close connections with the country (Kamin 2014). On the other hand, UK newspapers reported how some of the terrorists linked to the execution were from UK (Hume 2014). New media consists of the social media, blogs and applications through which news is casted. The new media is interactive and the killing of the US journalist got condemned by all the sections of the society. Conclusion The difference between reporting in traditional media and new media is the openness and level of censorship. The news articles printed in the newspapers or broadcasted in the TV channels go through heavy censorship and editing according to the policy of the media house, on the other hand new media and social media offers an open and interactive platform. References: Carter, C. and Fantz, A., 2014.ISIS video shows beheading of Steven Sotloff - CNN. [online] CNN. Available at: [Accessed 16 Mar. 2018]. Hume, T., 2014.ISIS "Beatles" who beheaded James Foley and Steven Sotloff could face a U.S. trial. [online] VICE News. Available at: [Accessed 16 Mar. 2018]. Kamin, D., 2014.Steven Sotloff, killed by Islamic State, had deep roots in Israel. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Mar. 2018].

Thursday, November 28, 2019

The Gospel Of John Essays - Christology, Catharism, Gospel Of John

The Gospel of John annon An Essay Written for A Humanities Course That Studies the Bible As A Historical Document THE GOSPEL OF JOHN: The Man from Heaven, Bread of Life, Light of The World, Living Water, .... and of course, Son of Man. This is who Jesus is in The Gospel of John. Jesus' life is portrayed very differently from the other Synoptic Gospels; he lives completely within symbolism, and glorification. In reading the Gospel of John, I felt that Jesus was (more) clear to me, unlike my feelings in reading Matthew and Mark. Perhaps this is because I have gained knowledge of who the historical Jesus was since my first readings. However, I find that John writes about Jesus and Christianity more in the way that conventional American Christianity practices today! I see the verses most familiar to me (John 3:16), and I see the symbolism that I am used to. Most importantly, I see the lengthy teachings and sayings of Jesus, that are less frequent in the earlier gospels. This is the Jesus I am used to! Throughout this essay, I will show the parallels and differences from the Gospel of John and the earlier gospels (mostly Mark), as I discuss the anonymous evangelist(s)' conception of the word of God. 1. John 3:15 2. John 6:48 3. John 1:4 4. John 7:37-39 5. Has been believed to be: John, Son of Zebedee. The Gospel of John was written between 90-100 ADE. A late book in the New Testament, it deals with different problems than the early Gospel of Mark. Although the book does not try to stray from the special traditions of Christianity (after all, The Christian Church has become strong by this time), the book the Life of Jesus, to meet the needs of the community in 100 ADE. What were the changes that the Johannine Community had to deal with; and, how does the Gospel of John differ from earlier gospels to deal with these changes? The entire new testament is apocalyptic writing, by authors who (obviously) believe in the Parousia. We see a lot of different religions of the time develop a Christ figure ... it is a sign of the times; it reflects that most people were desperate for help from political and social problems that they could not escape. This is the community that the Gospel of Mark wrote for: the desperate, looking toward their God for help. Now the Gospel of John has to deal with the Parousia, that Christians believed was coming. The Johannine author(s) clearly had the Gospel of Mark available to them (and also possibly the Gospel of Luke). 6. I will compare only Gospel of Mark, as it is a main source for all later Gospels. With the entire tradition of the Jewish Christian apocalyptic, the idea could not be completely thrown out. What develops from this is the Johannine Realized Echatology (CH Dodd). This suggests that the future is here now: resurrection, judgement and eternal life are here .... as [you] believe in Jesus. He who s?8?T?ss?=? in Him is en( condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. -- John 3:18 I have mentioned many times that the Gospel writers were very traditional. The Johannine Community, although disenchanted with the idea of a Second Coming of Christ Resurrection, did not want to p?n?f?=?8?s?(?s?8? ? throw out the belief. Most assuredly, I say to you, the hour is coming when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God; and those who hear will live. -- John 5:25 Sounds a bit like hedging your bet, doesn't it? But seriously, the new understanding has shifted from Mark's Day of Judgment (occurring at a specific, unknown time), to John's Day of Judgment part of every day; where, reward or penalty will be seen at one's own time. Before concluding, I would like to make a comparison of the style and presentation of Jesus through the Gospel of John and the Gospel of Mark (the earlier gospel). As N. Perrin pointed-out, John 12:25-26 and Mark 8:34-35 appear to be written as the same thing. We know that John had the Markan writing available to him. How does he translate it? 7. Matthew 24:29-31, example of this. Matthew is nearly a straight translation of Mark (with many additions). Mark 8:34-35: If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it; and whoever loosed his like for my sake and the gospel's will