Wednesday, March 6, 2019

Macchiavellian theories in “King Lear” Essay

William Shakespe ares queer Lear has within it many Machiavellian theories. This is evident once we examine the characters of Edmund, Goneril, and Regan. The Machiavellian principles relating to politics, ethics, and virtue are exemplified end-to-end King Lear play by these three characters. Machiavellian politics arsehole with acquiring power and forming very strong governments. For Machiavelli, power meant politics. Ethics can be best described as a branch of friendship concerned with moral principles. The Theme of morality and ethics keeps evolving throughout King Lear and is demonstrated by these three characters. Virtue is the final principle highlighted by this Shakespeare play. By examining each of the three characters in more(prenominal) depth, we can break-dance understand how Machiavellian theories apply to the play King LearEdmund is the most Machiavellian character in King Lear for many rea newss. Edmund was born as il certaind son of Gloucester. He had elder broth er named Edgar who was legitimated son of Gloucester and beloved suitable heir. Edmund shows his avarice, greed, and admire towards Edger. Edmund states soliloquy Thou, Nature, art my goddess to thy law, now, gods, stand up for diddleys.(I, ii, 1-22) This shows that he blame the disposition that he never meant to born as an illegitimated, such as bastard son. He withal decides that as concern everything think as a bastard, he will act as a bastard, the way of being Machiavellian as manipulating and taking advantage of others. Especi each(prenominal)y from the part of soliloquy, legitimate Edgar, I must have your land. (I, ii, 16) He is showing his jealousy towards Edgar, and all that he has. Back in Shakespeares time, land ownership was a form of wealth. Wealth equaled political power. Acquiring political power is a Machiavellian trait.Edmund also criticized his founder for being too superstitious and unripened in nature. He ridiculed his father, Gloucester for his beliefs and he thought he was morally superior to him. Edmund exploited his fathers good nature by enraging with Edgars false letter against his father. In a cheapjack manner, Edmund, quite precisely acted phony to Edgar. He tries to cover Edger, and deceiving both ends of his mouth mingled with Gloucester and Edgar. Edmund acted in a two faced manner and this is true to the Machiavellian wayof doing things.There is one more example of Edmunds Machiavellian behavior. In Act III, we are exposed to Edmunds treacherous aim against his own father. Edmund states, The younger rise when the old doth fall(III, iii, 26) it is clear that Edmund wished to train over and assume power over his fathers domain. Edmund is quest power that Macchivelli often wrote about. The greed in acquiring power is all right if the end justifies the means. In Act V, Edger, Edmunds brother, also a victim of Edmunds Machiavellian tendencies revenge on Edmund and murdered him.along with Edmund, Goneril is also a non her character in the play, which exemplifies immoral and unvirtuous behavior. Goneril used eulogy to get on the good side of her father. Sir, I love you more than words can wield the matter, Beyond all manner of so much I love you.(I, i, 57-64) She wanted to inherit her fathers kingdom. Goneril had an ulterior motive for acting this way to acquire any parsimonious goal. After she took advantage of her old father, she kicked her father out from her castle. This shows how she unvirtuous Machiavellian sermon to her father.There is the second example of Gonerils deceiving ways. Goneril cheated on her husband Albany. This is doubtless Machiavellian trait. Albany even detected Gonerils conniving deceptive behavior. He states You are not worth the dust which the rude excite blows in your face.(IV, ii, 30-31) Furthermore for Gonerils love of Edmund, she poisoned her own sister, Regan to eliminate from him. At the end of the play, these Machiavellian traits and characteristics brough t her to this point of self-destruction and suicide.Regan is the next character who also showed Machiavellian behavior in her personality. She flattered her father just like Goneril did. I am made of that self mettle as my sisters, In your loftiness love(I, i, 71-79) She had an ulterior motive to in praising and flattering her father. desire her deceptive sister Goneril, Regan wanted the wealth and kingdom. It was more than she deserved. Regan cooperated thoroughly with Goneril to abuse herfather with disrespect. Regan defends her sisters poor treatment of her father to her father and informs her father that he is old and should be rule by others. She mentioned to him that outcome to Goneril and beg her Forgiveness. O, sir, you are old, Say you have wronged her.(II, iv, 145-151) This behavior is Machiavellian in nature, because it is immoral and unvirtuous. Regan also cheated on her husband, Cornwall. She loved Edmund as her sister Goneril did. She intercommunicate her sister that she would merry Edmund as soon as her husband died, however Regan was poisoned by Goneril. This shows that how the last become to the Machiavellian who looks for their own profit, and their Machiavellian personalities ferment themselves into their own grave.It is clearly evident that the Machiavellian themes are prevalent by the words and actions of Edmund, Goneril, and Regan. The theory of acquiring power, ethics, morality, and virtue that Macchiavelli wrote about is a greens theme in William Shakespeares King Lear. The three characters previously mentioned are all looking out for their own self-interest. They will do anything to achieve their greedy and selfish goals. Perhaps it is truly ironic that the play does not have happy ending. Much can be learned by examining Machiavellian principals and theories as they pertain to King Lear.

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