Monday, April 8, 2019
Italy and Japan Essay Example for Free
Italy and Japan canvass universe of discourse warfare II caused greater destruction than any other warfare in history. The war took the lives of about 17 million soldiers and an even greater number of civilians, who died as a result of bombings, starvation, and conceive campaigns of mass murder. The war also ushered in the atomic age and was quickly followed by the collapse of the wartime compact between the United States and the Soviet Union and the beginning of the Cold fight. creation state of war I created the conditions that take to World contend II. The peace settlement ending the war, which stripped the Central Powers of territory and arms and take them to pay reparations, left lasting bitterness in Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Turkey. The peace treaty also disappointed cardinal of the victors, Italy and Japan. In addition, the war severely disrupted Europes economies and helped set the stage for the Great Depression of the 1930s. General histories of the war, which contemplate the wars origins, legions history, and consequences, include rump Keegan, The gage World War (1989) C.L. Sulzberger and Stephen E. Ambrose, the Statesn Heritage New fib of World War II (1997) and Gerhard L. Weinberg, A World at Arms A Global register of World War II (1994). Valuable reference works include I. C. B. Dear and M. R. D. Foot, eds. , The Oxford Companion to the Second World War (1995) John Ellis, World War II A Statistical Survey (1993) and John Keegan, ed. , The Times Atlas to the Second World War (1989). To understand the wars outcome, see Richared oery, Why the Allies win (1995).The most thorough and balanced recent history of the American role in World War II is David M. Kennedy, Freedom from Fear The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945 (1999), which examines the causes of U. S. involvement in the conflict, wartime diplomacy, military strategy, and the wars economic and social implications. The question of how Japan was able to carry out its successful surprise coming on bead Harbor is thoroughly examined in Gordon W.Prange, At Dawn We Slept The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor (1982). The wars European theater is discussed in Stephen L. McFarland and Wesley Phillips Newton, To Command the Sky The Battle for Air Superiority Over German, 1942-1944 (1991) Nathan Miller, War at Sea A Naval History of World War II (1995) and throng Polmar and T. B. Allen, World War II (1996). Soldiers wartime experiences are examined in Gerald F. Linderman, The World Within War Americas Combat bear in World War II (1997).On the Pacific War, see John Dower, War Without mildness Race and Power in the Pacific War (1986), Akira Iriye, Power and Culture The Nipponese-American War, 1941-1945 (1981), and Ronald Spector, Eagle Against the Sun (1985) World War II transformed the American homefront. It jump-started the economy ended Depression-era unemployment, relocated Americans in unprecedented numbers, and for good altere d the status of women, adolescents, and racial minorities in American life. The wars impact on the homefront is analyzed in William L.ONeill, A Democracy at War Americas Fight at Home and Abroad in World War II (1993). Oral histories from the war years can be found in Studs Terkel, The Good War (1984). World War II had a dramatic impact on womens lives. The most visible form involved the appearance of large numbers of women in uniform, as more than 250,000 women joined the WACs, the Army Nurses Corps, the WAVES, and the naval forces Nurses Corps. The war also challenged the conventional image of female behavior, as Rosie the Riveter became the popular symbol of women who worked in defense industries.Wartime transformations in womens lives are examined in Susan M. Hartmann, The Homefront and Beyond Women in the 1940s (1982) and DAnn Campbell, Women at War with America Private Lives in a Patriotic Era (1984). World War II affected children and adolescents no less than women. In fact , the word teenager first appeared during the war. William M. Tuttle, Jr. , Daddys Gone to War The Second World War in the Lives of Americas Children (1993) traces the changes in young peoples lives. During World War II, African Americans waged battles on two fronts.They helped the artless win the war overseas and pressed for equal rights at home. This dual struggle for victory against fascism and discrimination, know as the Double V campaign, is examined in Neil Wynn, The Afro-American and the Second World War (1976). The internment of 112,000 mainland Japanese Americans, one of the most shameful chapters in American history, is examined in Peter Irons, Justice at War The Story of the Japanese Internment Cases (1983). A 1942 government report on the Pearl Harbor attack, written by Supreme Court Justice Owen J.Roberts, which claimed without supporting evidence that the Japanese had received support from whatever Japanese Americans, helped to create a climate of opinion that led t o internment. World War II attach the dawn of the atomic age. The development of nuclear weapons is thoroughly examined in Richard Rhodes, The Making of the Atomic Bomb (1986). The finish to drop two atomic bombs on Japan remains one of the most controversial decisions in military history. Martin Sherwin, A World Destroyed The Atomic Bomb and the Grand Alliance (1975) analyzes the factors that went into this decision.