Wednesday, June 5, 2019

Impact of Working Time Directive on Employment Relations

Impact of works conviction directing on Employment RelationsWorking Title Enough Hours in the Day? The Impact of the work time directive on the regulation of employment relationships within the UK and France.Research Question What is the operative time directive? How does it purport to effect employment relationships? Will it be implemented in the United Kingdom? How does France deal with it? What are the reasons the UK have much(prenominal) a conservative approach?Literature analyseThe review is centred on the Working epoch Directive and thus bulge out build on a direct reading of this from first-string sources such as the copy on europa.eu.int, this will be complemented by secondary sources such as those of Cooke Hey (1998), Ramsey (1994) and the House of entitles Select Committee on the European Unions response to the Working conviction Directive.In attempting to build up a more than sophisticated and rounded understanding of the ideas and theories that inform work ing(a) time in general and the working time directive in particular I will use sources such as Figart Golden (2000), Fagan (2001) and direct readings of the reports of the European Commission on Working Time including the outcome of the current review of the Working Time Directive Opt-Out. A detailed critique with wider European policy will be effected in particular using commentaries on EC virtue and its emphasis on trade and industry concerns.In reviewing the current situation within the UK I will use reviews of the Working Time Regulations 1998 in particular drawing on Christie (1998), the Income Data Services Guide to Working Time (2002) and Rankin et al. (1999)s excellent guide to the operation of the Regulations within the UK and the changes that they brought to the active law.I will then review the current position within France, there are numerous sites through which to do research, I can sure use Figart Golden (2000)s section on French Working Time and although slightl y dated Carley (1991)s review will help get an understanding of French policy and how it has changed towards working time. There are also numerous academic articles on the web such as those on the please News Network website (www.tnn.co.uk), French Law Sites such as www.triplet.com and articles by Sarfati (1999). Further research will be require on this issue in particular looking at pressure groups and governmental responses. In doing this Ill try and use French language sites such as www.35hh.travail.gouv.fr , www.medef.fr and trade sum sites. Obviously these will be supplementary and will require translation.In reviewing the policy objections of the UK to the abolition of the opt-out we will draw on primary sources such as the DTI s recent consultation paper on Working Time (http//www.dti.gov.uk / er / work_time_regs /) as well as the work of pressure groups such as the TUC, Transport General Workers Union, Employers Organisation for Local Government and other major employers that would be effected by a change such as Alfred McAlpine. These will give me statistics and sophisticated points of view which I can then critically assess in light of more academic work on working time such as Articles by Christie (1998), Grisenthwaite (1997) and Wynn (2000). We will contrast these to the positive experience of the French in its implementation of a fixed working time week. A detailed critique of the two positions will be required with more academic sources from the journals and books will be required.Further research is required to uncover academic work on the policy arguments in France, whilst Sarfati (1999)s arguments do shed some light on the issue there is closely definitely a take up for more detailed research. I believe that research into journals such as the International Company Commercial Law Review and the European Law Review will reveal more discipline about the arguments. This will be on top of the substantive law information I extract from the s ources mentioned above.In concluding I will attempt to draw together the policy stances and implementation methods of the two countries to develop a more holistic understanding of whether there is significant social differences to justify the diversion or whether there can be a unified theory of working time that can be agreed not just in the European context but in the worldwide sense. There will need to be more research done on this issue along the avenues of looking at pressure groups in America (such as the Canadian / American Take Back Your Time initiative) and other countries building on the work in Figart Golden (2000)MethodologyThere will be some reviewing of primary sources but the work will be academic and theoretical and therefore will largely draw on scholastic secondary sources as I have detailed above.BibliographyCarley, Mark Working time in Europe the duration and flexibility of working time in 17 European countries from European Industrial Relations Review Eclipse Group / 1991Cooke, Peter Hey, Liz Implementation of the Working Time Directive 1998 ICCLR 164Christie, David A Brief History of Working Time 1999 SLT 315Fagan, Collette Gender, employment and working time preferences in Europe Office for Official Publications of the European Communities / 2001Figart, Deborah Golden, Lonnie Working Time International Trends, Theory Policy Perspective Routledge / 2000Grisenthwaite, Michael Time Runs out on the UK Government for implementing the 48-hour working time directive 1997 ICCLR 107House of Lords Select Committee on the European Union The Working Time Directive a response to the European Commissions review The Stationery Office 2004 / 9th Session 2003/2004Income Data Service Working Time 2002 / London Income Data ServiceRamsey, L The Working Time Directive 1994 EurLR 528Rankin, Claire, Phillips, Annelise Warren, Martin Working Time Regulations 1998 a practical guide London Stationery Office / 1999Sarfati, Hedva The 35-hour week l egislation hotly debated in France www.newwork.comWynn, Michael Derogations In The Working Time Regulations 2000 CL 166http//www.dti.gov.uk / er / work_time_regs /)www.tnn.co.ukwww.triplet.comwww.35hh.travail.gouv.frwww.medef.freuropa.eu.intSigned..9th June 2005Date Recd.Supervisor

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