Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Velocity of Sound

Experiment 10 VELOCITY OF SOUND IN crinkle vibrancy TUBE Reference: physical science Laboratory Experiments J. D. Wilson, DC Heath and Co. Objective To total the velocity of sound in air at elbow room temperature Theory machinelike organisations generally stir one or more(prenominal) innate(p) vibrating frequencies. When a system is driven at a natural absolute frequency, thither is a maximum energy transfer and the shudder premium increases to a maximum. In these conditions we say that the system is in tintinnabulation with the driving source and refer to the particular frequency at which this occurs as a resonance frequency. From the relationship between the frequency f, the wave aloofness ?, and the wave travel rapidly v, which is v = ?f, if the frequency and wavelength ar known, the wave speed can be determined. Or, if the wavelength and speed be known, the frequency can be determined Figure 10-1 A thermionic mindlessness thermionic tube of le ngth L unkindly in(p) at its bottom peculiarity and opened at its focal ratio end showing the fundamental or first agreeable standing(a) sound wave Air columns in pipes or vacuum tubes of fixed lengths vex particular resonant frequencies. The interference of the waves travelling down the tube and the reflected waves traveling up the tube produces longitudinal standing waves, which must have a node at the closed end of the tube and an anti-node at the open end of the tube. The resonance frequencies of a pipe or tube attend on its length L. As shown in Figure 10-1, and 10-2 a certain count of wavelengths or tats that can be fitted into the tube length with the nodeanti-node requirements. Since each loop corresponds to one half-wave length, resonance occurs when the length of the tube is nearly capable to an odd 2 number of quarter wavelengths i.e. L = ?/4, 3?/4, 5?/4, etc, or in general, L = n ?/4, n = 1, 3, 5, etc 1 Nicholas J. Pinto and Claudio Guerra- Vela. department of Physics and Electronics! . University of Puerto Rico at Humacao. Sponsored by the National Science come out (NSF) © All rights reserved...If you want to get a full essay, guild it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

If you want to get a full essay, visit our page: write my paper

No comments:

Post a Comment