Thursday, March 21, 2019
Byzantium versus Western Europe Essay -- Ancient History, Roman Empire
The Eastern part of the romish pudding stone held imperial power headed by the city Byzantium ulterior renamed Constantinople after the emperor butterfly Constantine (316). It remained the capital until Charlemagne revived the westerly conglomerate (316). Between 324 and 330, the Byzantine Empire passed from an early period of expansion and splendor to a time of sustained contradiction and splintering and, finally, catastrophic defeat (316). The first period surrounded by 324 and 632, of Byzantine history experienced great successes territorially, politically, and culturally (317). Especially, under the reign over of Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora both intelligent and tough even to the extent of organism called tyrants by their court historian and biographer (317-18). During their reign, there were more than 1500 cities, Constantinople being the largest change with great size and splendor (317). Between the fourth and fifth centuries Decurions councils of two hund red local, wealthy, landowners, governed the cities (318). By the sixth century however, the decurion councils were replaced by special governors deemed more unquestionable by the emperor (318). Justinian also ordered a revision of Roman law and created several compilations with the aid of a committee of learned lawyers (320, 342). The compilations later became the foundation for most European law (320). The first compilation Code, revise imperial edicts, the second Novellae, presented the decrees issued by Justinian and his successors, the third the Digest, compilation of old judicial experts opinions, and the fourth compilation the Institutes, a practical textbook for young scholars (320). Still, this strengthen of the empire did not allow him to retrieve the Western imperial lands conquered by barbarians... ...ir religion upon the people (325). Thus, these peoples found refuge in Islamics from Byzantine conquering (325). Muslim conquerors tolerated other religions and offere d protection for many peoples (326). Christian Europe authentic a lasting fear and suspicion of the Muslims as they were assaulted and challenged by them at all fronts (326) In both the east and west the Muslim invasion was confronted and halted though contact between Muslims and Christians continued (326). Muslims regarded Byzantium as a gravel to learn from and improve upon (326). Despite the differences between the Christian west and the Muslim world, there was creative interchange between the two (326). Sine the Arabs were more advanced, the West benefited from this interchange most (326).Oftentimes, the Church became an important force for Western Europe through invasions, changes, etc (328).