Monday, March 11, 2019
Gothic Fiction Speech Essay
Slide 2- What is it? grouchic fabrication is the lit of nightmare also referred to as mediaeval mutual exclusiveness. It delves into and feeds on the ghoulish and flagitious creatures that haunt the very one-sidedest places in your mind. Fears of claustrophobia, entrapment, terror, horror, pain, madness, the weird and the inexplicable. The word mediaeval derives from Goth, the name of a barbaric Ger humankindic tribe that invaded Europe. gothic mediaeval architecture such as cathedrals attributes a majestic style a lot with savage or grotesque ornamentation. It branched off from the Romanticism case which occurred during the 18th and 19th century. knightly manufacture gives shape to the concepts of the place of demonic in the humanity mind.Slide 3- Origins (historical context)An intellectual and secular movement that predominate the eighteenth century. The forward motion of mediaevalism has been attributed by several scholars as a repartee to the discretion thin kers who favoured ground and reason over emotions and feelings. It rejected anything that resembled the barbarism of the mediaeval period in their eyes. Their purpose was to demonstrate that science and natural doctrine were the only means of obtaining knowledge, and not religion which was considered mistaken. Gothic fable was an essential part of the Enlightenment movement as it provided an escape from rationality and reason. Over time though, philosophers and writers began to rebel against the Enlightenment movement and privilege the irrational, stirred up and uncanny. Whilst the Enlightenment movement looked to the classical periods of Greece and Rome, Gothic writers looked to the Middle Ages as their fanaticism and model.Slide 4RevolutionRevolution had a significant allure on the establishment of Gothic fabrication. The French variety began in1789 and brought a tower of Terror to the people and shook the foundations of European statehood. Critics suggest the Gothic mov ement arose during the French Revolution as the social anguish and pain gave rise to the dark imagery and character of the Gothic. As violence and blood-shed persisted, the terror of the Gothic novel in amalgamation with imagery of chase and capture and the threat of evil conquering good, reflects the general anxiety and anguish of the people the writers and the reading material public.Romanticism (1780-1850)Romanticism was the movement that emerged as a reaction to Enlightenment values and promoted liberty in literary productions. Artists were free to express their approximately intense emotions and escape from reason and rationality. through this movement some looked to the gothic quondam(prenominal) whilst others turned to religion, the supernatural and Nature. After the French Revolution in that location was a burst of writers inspired by these centre of attention concepts of human nature, emotions, irrational entities, individualism and the realms of your imagination. Go thic romance became increasingly popular and umpteen writers took from Walpoles The Castle of Otranto.Slide 5- ConventionsWalpoles novel established the job conferences of Gothic fiction that would inspire and continue to be adapted in modern-day society Intricate plot- plots within plots with multiple narrators Stock characters (Virginal maiden, hero, tyrant/ windupanger villain) Subterranean labyrinths/hidden rooms and passage authoritys Ruined castles (later made way to taken up(p) theater) Supernatural occurrences Remote/isolated setting- wide landscape and therefore nowhere to escape from. Darkness as intrinsic to humanity Graveyards/churches/ruins Monstrous creatures- ghosts, devils, vampires, witches, spirits, angels. logy weather Dreams/vision Mood/sense of mystery or venerate Justice- E.g. Most common is the sins of the father Family secrets/ ancestral curses The double or the Doppelganger (German for double-goer) deep deathsSlide 6- Evolution of GenreHorace Walpo le is credited as the founding identification number of gothic literature with his novel The Castle of Otranto (1765). The stock conventions of Gothic fiction were established through his novel the haunted castles, supernatural occurrences, hidden passageways, etc. Writers such as Clara Reeve and Ann Radcliffe adapted Walpoles plot to contextually and aesthetically be more socially acceptable in18th century realness by exploring the concept of explained supernatural. Gothic novels were looked down upon by intentional people as sensationalist womens entertainment. Anne Radcliffe introduced the dark and menacing embark of the Gothic villain, the Byronic Hero.The gloomy villain, forbidding mansion, and persecuted heroine evident in novels demonstrates Walpoles and Radcliffes influence on Gothic literature. By the Victorian era, Gothic fiction ceased to be the dominant genre and was dismissed by critics. Edgar Allan Poe constitute as an innovative American writer during in the 19th century, a re-interpreter of Gothic fiction. He payed bang-uper attention to the psychoticlogy of the characters he conjured up. In his story The legislate of the House of Usher he explores the terrors of the soul as most of his characters descended into madness whilst incorporating Gothic tropes of death, annihilation and madness.The 1880s saw the resurgence of Gothic fiction feeding off modern-day fears such as ethical degeneration with famous authors such as Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Machen and Oscar Wilde producing gothic works. The 20th century significantly contributed to the genre with the introduction of pictorial matter. During the 1920s and 30s movies were based near Dracula, Frankenstein and werewolves then later dissipates began to draw on Poes works. The 20th and ordinal centuries maintained an ongoing fascination with horror, terror, the supernatural vampires and werewolves demonstrating the ongoing power of the Gothic in contemporary society.Slide 8- Psycho Contextual PlacementThe beginning of the twentieth century saw the renewed popularity of the horror tale and it is supposed that it was a way of expressing the horrors of World War I. There were numerous variations of Gothic fiction established in this time. Successful mass Gothic novels, often called advanced Gothic or Gothic Romance were written for womanishs, by females equivalent Daphne Du Mauriers Rebecca (1993 considered the archetypal Modern Gothic thriller. The 60s, when Psycho was released was an era of great positive change for the role and rights of women. It was a time of sexual revolution which was exploited in the media especially film. Hitchcock broke all film conventions featuring the lead story female protagonist having a lunchtime affair in her aroused white undergarments in the first scene. This was significant because before the 60s female sexuality was repressed. In relation to Gothic fiction, the Gothic genre gave way to modern horror fiction.Slide 9- Psycho ConventionsPsycho employs several stock gothic conventions includingAn Isolated/remote setting with the motel off the side of a large motorway, separated from the outside world. The spooky former(a) house is architecturally Gothic and critics have stated that it is a fine 20th vitamin C stand-in for Draculas castle. Bates characterises villain who is psychologically unstable reincarnating his dead(a) mother, whom he murdered, through himself when committing the murders but doesnt take the responsibility.Themes of corruptibility, confused identities, voyeurism, human vulnerabilities and victimization, the deadly effects of money, Oedipal murder, and dark past histories are realistically revealed. through the shower murder scene, it is suggested that horror resides in everyday life or else than in the alternate worlds of the supernatural, the fantastic, or the Gothic. The film employs psychological terror earlier than the monsters and supernatural trappings that were a ssociated with the genre at the time (1960s). Hitchcocks psycho changed the delegacy of the genre with the subsequent rise of splatter films.Slide 11- FallContextual PlacementDuring his short life he faced many hardships which influenced his unique style. He was a victim of depression and turned to alcoholism. He was influenced by the Gothic movement in England and in his case the bound Gothic can be used interchangeably with Dark Romanticism. Critics straighten out Poe as a post-Gothic writer but he nonetheless incorporated the Gothic style in his masterpieces. Contextually Poes adapted direction of Gothic fiction the psychological effects of guilt and sin, the conflict mingled with good and evil, people plagued with madness all stemmed from the absence of agnate figures and his alcoholism. Poe is often considered the father of the horror genre.Slide 12- FallConventionsThe Usher house portrays the clich Gothic house- as stated by Professor Fred Botting The house is both a Goth ic manifestation, an architectural ruin set in a desolate and gloomy landscape and a family equally in decay dying from an unknown and incurable disease.Captures the element of claustrophobia, with Madeline falling victim to the task of a coffin whilst still alive and the mental confinement of the characters in the house. Psychological haunting is evident through Rodericks knowledge of bury his sister alive and the intense guilt he feels. The seemingly supernatural noises that occur whilst the narrator reads a story, intensifies this guilt.Terror encompasses the characters, particularly Roderick, building up steadily as the anticipation of Madelines supposed death loiters. The horror is revealed when Madeline, bursts through the doors wearing a gown covered in blood. decay and ruin are evident physically with the decaying of Roderick and Madeline and the Usher bloodline. In the end both Roderick and Madeline die together followed by the house crumpling around them affirm the coll apse of the Usher family.Slide 13Rather than characterising the handed-down coordination compound narrative structure, it is told in first soulfulness by one person only and contains an increasing intensifying suspense building to an excessive advent. The climax confirms Rodericks fear as Madeline bursts through the doors covered in blood. Through this dramatic climax the Gothic value of excess is seen. Poe is a signalise figure in the transformation of Gothic fiction placing a large emphasis on the internal rather than the external. He delves into the psychology of man and of the true nature of evil.Through his works Poe has had an ongoing influence of Gothic on contemporary literature.Slide 15-Shining Contextual PlacementWith the introduction of film in the twentieth century, the most prominent variation of Gothic literature was established. With this new outlet of technology, horror and terror could a be explored on a totally different level with special effect features, i nflammation and filming intensifying the gruesome and dark imagery of the genre. Punter effectively states the particularities of twentieth century gothic fiction Contemporary gothic reflects and provides a singular symbolic language for the discussion of preoccupations of our time capitalism, inhumanity, information overload, chela abuse, serial murder, pollution, and decomposition. Child and domestic violence, serial murder and corruption are clearly evidentSlide 16- Shining ConventionsThe Shining exhibits traditional Gothic conventions as well as modern adaptations of the genre. The huge old vacant hotel that ends up being haunted hides a dark past of brutal murder. There are numerous supernatural events involving the ghosts of the previous family, Dannys visions of their murder and the chases through the hallways.The double or the doppleganger seen at the end of the film presents a photo shown of a ball in 1921 with Jack standing(a) in the middle of the gathering suggesting th at Jack could be a renascence of himself and lives out the horrific events of the past once more. This also ties in the convention ofThe theme of appearance and reality is prevalent in the film, Gothic fiction exploring this murky ground between what is real and fantasy. This is what descends Jack into madness. Eee/Gothic fiction has undergone significant transformation as seen and continues to significantly influence contemporary literature. Even though many conventions have been refined, adapted or created the core values and character of Gothic have provided society with an outlet into the dark world of decay, death and mystery leading you on a route to that sublime place in the mind composed of fear and beauty.