Wednesday, March 13, 2019
Internal combustion engine Essay
There is a jumbo debate astir(predicate) the future of the auto industry. The new big topic is electrical railroad cars. Ads emphasize how much less pollution these cars vomit out, precisely the truth is that many people do non take a crap the d confessside of these cars. For instance, did you know that motiveable battery address for electric cars is between $18,000 and $20,000? Also, these cars acquire significant more amounts of sec dioxide comp bed to traditional essential combustion engines, and what just about the factories that burn billions of tons of coal every(prenominal)day to bring forth electricity to bursting hinge upon these cars?Yes, these cars do produce little carbon dioxide directly, but the main inception of pollution comes indirectly from the power plants that power these cars. electric car cars ar not the best environmental solution in the vast run because they stillness cause pollution patch charging and producing them, on that point is no safe level to dispose of the batteries, and they argon extremely pricy (Hogan). The first major exit with electric cars is that the process of manufacturing and charging these cars produces billions of tons of carbon dioxide emissions.The EPAs research shows that for an average size car, electricitys emissions are about three cartridge holder higher than the emissions of gasoline (Inside Climate Staff). Electric cars do not produce much pollution directly. Instead the pollution is rather created at the ascendent of the energy, power plants. Pollution is caused when manufacturing and producing these cars too. In addition, large-mouthed amounts of pollution are produced while mining for the metals found in the new types of batteries. All of the mining machines and vehicles are powered from fossil fuels such as coal, gasoline, and diesel fuels.A abundant amount of energy is lost in the process of transmitting the electricity from the power source to your car. Also, electric cars emit significantly higher amounts of sulfur dioxide into the air compared to internal-combustion engines. Sulfur dioxide is the main component that causes acid pelting. acidulous rainwater can cause damage to lakes, streams, forests, car paints, copper, stone, and other building materials. Acid rain soaks into the soil and roots of plants, and causes slowed growth, and loss of leaves or submitles.In the immense Smoky Mountains, acid rain has actually killed one- speed of light or more of the Frazier fir tree and Red Spruce trees (U. S. Environmental Protection Agency). Furthermore, in the Northeastern coupled States. , such as in the Kesterson Reservoir in the San Joaquin Valley, acid rain caused hundreds of fish populations to vanish from lakes (Davis). Acid rain can contaminate our own tipsiness water without us even knowing it it tastes, and looks like stiff water When sulfur dioxide is inhaled, it can cause damage to your heart and lungs, causing disorders such as b ronchitis and asthma (National pose Service).Additionally, battery government is a key issue. The average life of this new type of batteries is twenty-five to xxx thousand miles before they will stimulate to be replaced. If electric cars are going to be a thing of the future, there will flex an excess of batteries in landfills and other disposal sites. Presently, landfills are not intentional to handle the millions of batteries that would need to be disposed of if millions of people were movement electric cars. If these batteries are not properly disposed of, toxic chemicals could leak into the environment.Also, recycle these lithium-ion batteries doesnt appear to be in the future anywhere soon. The cost of collecting, organizing, and shipping these metals to a recycler far outweighs the value of the scrapped material, so for the time being, some of these metals will be thrown away in landfills and junkyards (Mitchell). Another obstructor with these materials being tossed i n landfills is the possibility of corrosive chemicals leaking into streams, rivers, and lakes. The process of refining metals for these batteries too releases pollutants into the environment.Once the refiner gets what metal they need from the ore, they discard the other materials into the nearby ecosystems. When this happens, our drinking water could be contaminated, and it could also damage, or kill the wildlife in that theatre of operations (Bacher). Lastly, these cars are extremely expensive. Because the batteries only last for about a hundred miles, this delegacy you would sport to charge them about three times for every full tank of gas that you would formly buy. Also, with this low charge capacity, it would be virtually impossible to take long trips.You would have to stop much to charge the battery, which takes about nine hours to completely charge. This would turn a normal two-hundred mile, four hour drive into at least a bakers dozen hour trip, assuming that you could find an open charging station Another reason that these cars are so expensive is that you have to replace the battery in your car about every twenty-five to cardinal thousand miles. This is a very costly expense, especially since each new battery is about eighteen to twenty thousand dollarsThis is $80,000 for batteries alone if you drive 100,000 miles in your car The price of charging an electric car is less than what a full tank of gas would cost you, but you end up paying for it in the long run when you have to replace the battery. Electric cars are expensive from the start. The average retail price of most electric cars is in the thirty to forty thousand dollar range. Most middle class individuals cannot knuckle under to pay this price for this new technology, which is why this will not be the best economical solution in the long run.These cost projections brook that both the car and the battery work correctly for the duration of their lives, but what if the battery breaks, o r stops working, forcing you to replace it? The technology is new and underdeveloped, which means that there might still be some problems or bugs that the designers harbourt had a chance to fix. Thats $20,000 right there that you would have to pay in addition to the purchase price. Thats close to fractional of what you originally paid for the car Since these cars are less, there are few mechanics that are qualified to work or operate on them, so the price of operation will be very high.Electric cars were released around 2010, which means there hasnt even been enough time for a mechanic to get a four-year degree in operate on electric cars (Hogan). The problem with automobile pollution definitely inescapably to be addressed and solved, but fully-electric cars are not the best solution. They are made out to be better than they actually are, and they definitely have major disadvantages. First of all, they will have to become a cumulation cheaper for people to be able to contribu te them. The general public cannot afford to pay $20,000 for a new battery every 30,000 miles.Designers also need to find a way to lengthen the range of these cars. With only a 100 mile range, it is just not practical for most people. In addition, these cars still produce pollution, just not directly. All of the pollution is created indirectly, at coal-burning electricity power plants. Another unaddressed issue is that these cars emit large amounts of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, which is what combines with water to become acid rain. Lastly, there is no healthy place to dispose of batteries.If millions of people are going to be driving these cars, there will be tons of toxic batteries in landfills and disposal sites, which can cause harm to the wildlife, and the surrounding environment. If you accidentally miscalculate the charge left in your car, you will be stuck. Unlike a gas-powered vehicle, you cannot only fill up your car with a gas can. With electric cars, there is n o way to replenish the energy in your car on the side of the road. The fully-electric car was a good idea, but in the long run, it is not the best answer.The automobile companies need to continue to improve internal combustion engines to decrease their carbon dioxide emissions. Works Cited Cultrona, R. L. Pros and Cons of Electric Cars. 1999-2012. 18 bunt 2012. . Davis, Jay. Marine Bio. 1998-2012. 18 ring 2012. . Hogan, Micheal C. The Encyclopedia of Earth. 21 February 2012. 18 edge 2012. . Mitchell, Robert L. Computer World. 22 August 2006. 18 March 2012. . National Parks Service. 28 October 2010. 18 March 2012 . Staff, Solve Climate. Inside Climate News. 1 April 2010. 18 March 2012. . U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. 8 June 2007. 18 March 2012. .
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